What Is Indica Weed?‍

Medically reviewed by Alexander Tabibi, MD
August 4, 2022
Indica What Is? Indica leaf and plant
Indica What Is? Indica leaf and plant

The cannabis plant produces two distinct forms of cannabinoids called hemp and marijuana. There are many various types, or strains and many of these include different levels of psychoactive properties. The different ratios of THC to CBD, or Tetrahydrocannabinol and Cannabidiol, result in various outcomes. So, what is Indica weed

Indica is a cannabis variety that has high levels of THC. It is the plant variety that exhibits characteristics of the land that it grows in. It is a warm and sedating species, which is why it is often referred to as a couch-lock variety. Besides, it is shorter, with abridged branches and internodes that are densely packed with smaller flowers. These plants grow as squat bushes, as opposed to Sativa plants, which grow as tall as they can. 

This article looks intensively at the Indica weed, its history, differences between Sativa and Indica marijuana, as well as the side effects and strains of the Indica strain. Tag along!

You may wonder, what type of weed is Indica? Indica is a general term used to refer to a cannabis variety that is more sedative and calming, while Sativa is increasingly energizing and stimulating. When it comes to the influences of cannabis, there are three main categories of strains that people are disposed to focus on: high, relaxing, and happy. 

High is euphoric and often leads to an increase in creativity and the urge to tell jokes. Relaxing is calm and may induce feelings of happiness and contentment. Relaxing cannabis strains often have a musky smell and one can start to feel tired. Happy marijuana strains are the most commonly found, and they make people feel good, both physically and mentally.

The History of Cannabis Indica

Indian hemp, or Ghanja, has long been a go-to cannabis strain for those looking for a mellow, sedative high. This strain was likely brought to the region by the Aryan people who settled in the area during the time of the Vedas and Upanishads, approximately 5,000 years ago. Although the exact origins of cannabis varieties in India are unknown, we can be sure that the plant has been cultivated in the region for a very long time. 

While today’s modern cannabis varieties have their roots in the plants cultivated in India, there are also important differences between Indica and Sativa strains. Depending on the region of the world where it is grown, cannabis can be produced as a tall, predominantly Sativa variety or as a short, low-THC Indica species. In general, Indica strains are responsible for relaxation that make users feel calm, while Sativa strains are more energizing and focus-enhancing.

Sativa is a general term used to describe a cannabis variety that has high levels of CBD and little to no THC. Sativa tends to be taller and thinner, with branches that are sparser and less visible. Sativa is considered a more uplifting and active variety that produces effects that are often associated with a clear-headed, creative state of mind. 

Indica is a general term used to describe a cannabis variety that has high levels of THC and little to no CBD. Indica is a shorter variety with dense, compact branches and internodes. These plants grow as bushes as opposed to Sativa plants, which grow as tall as they can. Indica is often thought of as more relaxing and sedating, but it is important to note that there are many different varieties of Indica, and not all of them are meant to induce feelings of relaxation.

What Are the Effects of Indica Marijuana Strains?

People often associate effects of Indica with couch-lock, heavy sedation, and sleepiness. This is partially because people tend to associate Indica strains with a dark, musky aroma. Indica strains tend to induce feelings of peace and coziness, often without any of the paranoia and anxiety that come with THC. People often describe the feeling as weary, drained, or “blocked,” without being able to figure out why they feel so “out of it.” It is important to note that not all Indica strains are meant to be used for sleep, and some are actually good for awakening. Some strains are good for both, but other strains are good for inducing feelings of relaxation and easing pain.

Potential Side Effects and Risks of Indica Weed

There are no significant side effects associated with smoking Indica marijuana strains, but this does not mean that these strains are risk-free. Marijuana can have many negative effects on the body and the mind, and it is important to pay close attention to these effects and risks to make sure that you are not putting yourself at risk for serious health issues. 

  • Weight gain
  • Smoking too much marijuana can lead to weight gain, especially among adolescents who often consume marijuana at a younger age than other age groups. 
  • Heart health – Marijuana is known to increase heart rate and blood pressure and can put people at risk for heart issues. 
  • Memory loss – Marijuana is also known to impair memory, making it harder for people to study or work on projects that require critical thinking. 
  • Impairment in driving – Marijuana can impair driving skills, making it more difficult to navigate roads safely. 
  • Depression – The longer a person persists in using marijuana, the more likely they are to experience depression.


In this article, we have extensively looked at the Indica marijuana strain, its history, as well as the main differences between Sativa and Indica. We have also taken a closer look at the potential side effects and risks of Indica weed. Here are some things to keep in mind. 

If you are questioning what is better, Sativa or Indica weed, remember that different strains might cause different responses; some people respond better to Sativas while others prefer Indicas. Be careful with your dosage! Marijuana is only meant for adults 21 years or older so it’s important not to overdo anything. 

From the ancient history of cannabis in India to the sedative effects of the plant, this article will help you better understand the marijuana plant and its varieties.

Weed.com does not make any medical claims regarding the efficacy of cannabis or cannabinoids